January 14, 2018

14 Jan

January 14, 2018

Moon at Apogee (Farthest approach of the year)

9:11 pm EST; 8:11 pm CST; 7:11 pm MST; 6:11 pm PST. Occurs following day: 2:11 am UT

Waning crescent moon

Moon’s age: 27 days 20 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 7 percent (midnight EST) 5 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1743, the English astronomer Edmond Halley died in London. He was 85 years old.

On this day in 1969, the first linkup of manned space vehicles occurred, betweeen the USSR’s Soyuz 4 and Soyuz 5.

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015 Kim Long.

January 13, 2018

13 Jan

January 13, 2018

Waning crescent moon

Moon’s age: 26 days 20 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 13 percent (midnight EST) 10 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1888, the National Geographic Society was founded at a meeting held at the Cosmos Club in Washington, D.C. The 33 founders intended it to be “a society for the increase and diffusion of geographic knowledge. The first issue of the magazine was published in October of the same year.

On this day in 1957, the first Frisbees were manufactured by the Wham-O Company. The original name for the flying disc was the Pluto Platter — the Frisbee name was introduced in 1958. The platter’s design was originally invented and patented in 1948 by two men in Los Angeles; the term “Frisbee” was adapted from Frisbie Pies, the name stamped on pie tins made in Bridgeport, Connecticut and used by generations of Yale University students for sport.

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015 Kim Long.

January 12, 2018

12 Jan

January 12, 2018

Waning crescent moon

Moon’s age: 25 days 20 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 20 percent (midnight EST) 16 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1959, Berry Gordy founded the record label Motown in Detroit; the second of two labels he founded in 1959 (the first was Tamla Records). The first Motown release was “Bad Girl” by the Miracles.

On this day in 1820, the Royal Astronomical Society was proposed during a dinner at Freemason’s Tavern, London; the first meeting was held on March 10, 1820.

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015 Kim Long.

January 11, 2018

11 Jan

January 11, 2018

Waning crescent moon

Moon’s age: 24 days 20 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 28 percent (midnight EST) 24 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1759, the first life insurance company in the American colonies was founded in Philadelphia. It was the Corporation for Relief of Poor and Distressed Widows and Children of Presbyterian Ministers.

On this day in 1787, British astronomer William Herschel first observed the largest moon of the planet Uranus, which was later named Titania – the planet was eventually found to have 27 moons. Herschel discovered Uranus itself in 1781, which he originally dubbed Georgium Sidus, in honor of King George III.

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015 Kim Long.

January 10, 2018

10 Jan

January 10, 2018

Waning crescent moon

Moon’s age: 23 days 20 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 37 percent (midnight EST) 33 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1929, the comic strip character Tintin first appeared, in the Belgian newspaper Le Xxe Siècle (The Twentieth Century), the work of artist Georges Rémi, aka Herge.

On this day in 1946, at 11:48 am EST, scientists working for the U.S. Army aimed a modified radar antenna at a rising Moon, and recorded an echo in 2.5 seconds. Known at Project Diana, the event took place on Marconi Road at Camp Evans, in Fort Monmouth, New Jersey, and was intended to demonstrate the ability to detect incoming missiles from the Soviet Union; no missiles were available at the time, so the Moon was used as a distant substitute.

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015 Kim Long.

January 9, 2018

9 Jan

January 9, 2018

Waning crescent moon

Moon’s age: 22 days 20 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 47 percent (midnight EST) 42 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1788, Connecticut became the 5th member of the United States.

On this day in 1793, Jean Pierre Blanchard, a French aeronaut, launched himself – and a small black dog — in a hot air balloon from Independence Square (named later) in Philadelphia at 10:09 am, the first manned ascent in a balloon in North America.

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015 Kim Long.

January 8, 2018

8 Jan

January 8, 2018

LAST QUARTER MOON

10:25 pm UT; 5:25 pm EST; 4:25 pm CST; 3:25 pm MST; 2:25 pm PST

Moon’s age: 21 days 20 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 58 percent (midnight EST) 52 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1835, the U.S. Congress announced that it had just paid the national debt. This was the first time the country had acheived a debt of $0 – President Andrew Jackson entered office in 1829 when the national debt was $58 million ($1.6 to $35.1 billion in today’s dollars, depending on how inflation is figured); at the time the debt was paid, the U.S. had a surplus of $440,000. Within the year, the government was back to running at a deficit, a situation that has remained constant since then.

On this day in 1958, revolutionaries in Cuba, lead by Fidel Castro, completed their takeover of Havana.

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015 Kim Long.