January 10, 2020

10 Jan

January 10, 2020

Full Moon

7:21 pm UT; 2:21 pm EST; 1:21 pm CST; 12:21 pm MST; 11:21 am PST

Moon’s age: 15 days 0 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 99 percent (midnight EST); 100 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1929, the comic strip character Tintin first appeared, in the Belgian newspaper Le Xxe Siècle (The Twentieth Century), the work of artist Georges Rémi, aka Herge.

On this day in 1946, at 11:48 am EST, scientists working for the U.S. Army aimed a modified radar antenna at a rising Moon and recorded an echo in 2.5 seconds. Known at Project Diana, the event took place on Marconi Road at Camp Evans, in Fort Monmouth, New Jersey, and was intended to demonstrate the ability to detect incoming missiles from the Soviet Union; no missiles were available at the time, so the Moon was used as a distant substitute.

________________________________________________________________

 

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 Kim Long.

January 9, 2020

9 Jan

January 9, 2020

Waxing gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 14 days 0 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 95 percent (midnight EST); 97 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1788, Connecticut became the 5th member of the United States.

On this day in 1793, Jean Pierre Blanchard, a French aeronaut, launched himself – and a small black dog — in a hot air balloon from Independence Square (named later) in Philadelphia at 10:09 am, the first manned ascent in a balloon in North America.

________________________________________________________________

 

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 Kim Long.

January 8, 2020

8 Jan

January 8, 2020

Waxing gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 13 days 0 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 89 percent (midnight EST); 92 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1835, the U.S. Congress announced that it had just paid the national debt. This was the first time the country had achieved a debt of $0 – President Andrew Jackson entered office in 1829 when the national debt was $58 million ($1.6 to $35.1 billion in today’s dollars, depending on how inflation is figured); at the time the debt was paid, the U.S. had a surplus of $440,000. Within the year, the government was back to running at a deficit, a situation that has remained constant since then.

On this day in 1958, revolutionaries in Cuba, lead by Fidel Castro, completed their takeover of Havana.

________________________________________________________________

 

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 Kim Long.

January 7, 2020

7 Jan

January 7, 2020

Waxing gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 12 days 0 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 82 percent (midnight EST); 86 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1610, pioneering Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei pointed his telescope at Jupiter and noted the discovery of the four of this planet’s largest moons — Io, Europa, Ganymede, and Callisto – which he had originally believed were stars.

On this day in 1929, the comic strip “Buck Rogers in the 25th Century” was first published; “Tarzan of the Apes” also debuted in the funny papers on this date. On the same day in 1934, the comic strip “Flash Gordon” appeared for the first time.

________________________________________________________________

 

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 Kim Long.

January 6, 2020

6 Jan

January 6, 2020

Waxing gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 11 days 0 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 74 percent (midnight EST); 78 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1939, Superman debuted as a daily comic strip in newspapers. The super-hero first appeared the previous year, in Action Comics No. 1 (June 1938, price: 10 cents).

On this day in 1994, star figure skater Nancy Kerrigan was attacked with a collapsible baton, injuring a knee and causing her to drop out of the U.S. figure skating championship. The assault was engineered by the ex-husband of one of her skating rivals, Tonya Harding, who won the match. Kerrigan recovered in time to win a silver medal at the winter Olympics.

________________________________________________________________

 

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 Kim Long.

January 5, 2020

5 Jan

January 5, 2020

Waxing gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 10 days 0 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 65 percent (midnight EST); 69 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1972, President Richard Nixon announced that NASA would begin the development of the space shuttle program.

On this day in 1892, Germany physicist Martin Brendel took the first successful photographs of the Aurora Borealis. These shots were in black and white; the first color photo of an aurora was not published until 1953, in Life magazine.

________________________________________________________________

 

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 Kim Long.

January 4, 2020

4 Jan

January 4, 2020

First Quarter Moon

4:45 pm UT. Occurs previous day: 11:45 pm EST; 10:45 pm EST; 9:45 pm CST; 8:45 pm PST

Moon’s age: 8 days 0 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 46 percent (midnight EST); 51 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1496, Leonardo da Vinci reportedly attempted to fly in a machine he invented. The test was unsuccessful.

On this day in 1920, legendary baseball player Babe Ruth — born George Herman Ruth — signed a contract with the New York Yankees after being acquired from the Boston Red Sox.

________________________________________________________________

 

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 Kim Long.