April 16, 2019

16 Aug

August 16, 2019

Waning gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 16 days 2 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 99 percent (midnight EST) 96 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1858, the first official telegraph message was sent via an undersea cable from England to the United States. The message was from Queen Victoria to President Buchanan and consisted of 99 words; the transmission took an average of 2 minutes per letter and a total transmission time of about 18 hours.

On this day in 1954, Sports Illustrated magazine officially debuted. Copies of the magazine actually appeared on newsstands on August 12; at its launch, Sports Illustrated attracted 300,000 subscribers. On the cover of issue no. 1: Eddie Mathews of the Milwaukee Braves swinging at bat against the New York Giants, in a game at County Stadium, Milwaukee.

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The Moon Almanac 2019 by [Long, Kim]      

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 Kim Long.

 

August 15, 2019

15 Aug

August 15, 2019

Full Moon

12:29 pm UT; 7:29 am EST; 6:29 am CST; 5:29 am MST; 4:29 am PST

Moon’s age: 15 days 2 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 100 percent (midnight EST) 100 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1939, the movie The Wizard of Oz had its premiere performance at Grauman’s Chinese Theater in Hollywood. Based on a best-selling book, the movie has been widely viewed since its premier: the U.S. Library of Congress believes it is now the most-viewed movie in history.

On this day in 1969, The Woodstock Music and Art Fair opened on the farm of Max Yasgur near Bethel, New York. More than 500,000 people attended the milestone event.

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The Moon Almanac 2019 by [Long, Kim]      

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 Kim Long.

 

August 14, 2019

14 Aug

August 14, 2019

 

Waxing gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 14 days 2 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 98 percent (midnight EST) 99 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1846, philosopher-writer Henry David Thoreau was arrested after he refused to pay a federal tax, a act he described as civil disobedience because of his opposition to the Mexican War. Thoreau spent the night in jail.

On this day in 1912, by act of Congress, the Public Health Service was formed out of the existing Public Health and Marine Hospital Services department, and authorized to to investigate human diseases, sanitation, sewage disposal, and water supplies.

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The Moon Almanac 2019 by [Long, Kim]      

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 Kim Long.

 

August 13, 2019

13 Aug

August 13, 2019

 

Waxing gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 13 days 2 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 95 percent (midnight EST) 97 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1961, the border between East and West Berlin was closed by the East German government.

On this day in 1960, the first communications satellite, Echo I, successfully transmitted the world’s first two-way telephone call.

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The Moon Almanac 2019 by [Long, Kim]      

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 Kim Long.

 

August 12, 2019

12 Aug

August 12, 2019

 

Waxing gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 12 days 2 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 90 percent (midnight EST) 93 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1960, NASA launched the world’s first communications satellite, Echo I. The satellite was a 100-foot wide balloon (inflated after reaching its designed orbit height).

On this day in 1977, the Space Shuttle Enterprise completed its first solo flight, separating in flight from its Boeing 747 carrier and successfully gliding to a landing at Edwards Air Force Base in California.

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The Moon Almanac 2019 by [Long, Kim]      

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 Kim Long.

 

August 11, 2019

11 Aug

August 11, 2019

 

Waxing gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 11 days 2 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 83 percent (midnight EST) 87 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1942, Hollywood film star Hedy Lamarr (along with co-inventor composer George Antheil) received a patent for her invention, a method of controlling long-range torpedoes with a radio system based on signal hopping – the system was not put into use until decades later and was a classified secret until 1985.

On this day in 1965, the neighborhood of Watts in Los Angeles became the center of a violent riot triggered by the arrest of a black driver by a white police officer. The Watts riots spanned six days, during which 34 people died and hundreds of homes and businesses were burned.

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The Moon Almanac 2019 by [Long, Kim]      

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 Kim Long.

 

August 10, 2019

10 Aug

August 10, 2019

 

Waxing gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 10 days 2 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 75 percent (midnight EST) 79 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1821, Missouri entered the Union as the twenty-fourth state.

On this day in 1846, President Polk signed a law establishing the Smithsonian Institution, for “the increase and distribution of knowledge,” using funds left in the estate of English scientist James Smithson.

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The Moon Almanac 2019 by [Long, Kim]      

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 Kim Long.