April 14, 2019

14 Apr

April 14, 2019

Waxing gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 9 days 8 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 66 percent (midnight EST) 71 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1912, the RMS Titanic, sailing through the North Atlantic on her way to the United States, hit an iceberg, puncturing her hull. The ship sank a few hours later, with a loss of 1,496 passengers and crew; 712 survived.

On this day in 1929, the first patent application was filed for an airplane simulator. The Link Trainer was invented by Edwin Link, but achieved its initial success as a carnival ride rather than a device to train pilots.

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The Moon Almanac 2019 by [Long, Kim]      

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 Kim Long.

 

April 13, 2019

13 Apr

April 13, 2019

Waxing gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 8 days 8 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 55 percent (midnight EST) 60 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1902, entrepreneur J.C. Penney, at age 27, opened his first store, in Kemmerer, Wyoming. The general merchandise chain began with the name the “Golden Rule Store” — its name was changed in 1913. Penney’s full name: James Cash Penney.

On this day in 1970, a leak in a liquid oxygen tank on board the Apollo 13 spacecraft – four-fifth on its way from the Earth to the Moon – forced the crew to return to Earth, after improvising a repair.

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The Moon Almanac 2019 by [Long, Kim]      

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 Kim Long.

 

April 12, 2019

12 Apr

April 12, 2019

First Quarter Moon

7:06 pm UT; 2:06 pm EST; 1:06 pm CST; 12:06 pm MST; 11:06 am PST

Moon’s age: 7 days 8 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 44 percent (midnight EST) 49 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1961, Soviet astronaut Yuri Gargain became the first human to enter space and the first to circle the Earth in a spacecraft, the Vostok I.

On this day in 1981 at 7:00 am EST, the space shuttle Columbia blasted off on a mission that lasted two days, the inaugural flight of the space shuttle era.

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The Moon Almanac 2019 by [Long, Kim]      

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 Kim Long.

 

April 11, 2019

11 Apr

April 11, 2019

Waxing crescent moon

Moon’s age: 6 days 8 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 33 percent (midnight EST) 38 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1905, the German science journal Annalen der Physik published a paper by Albert Einstein, introducing his theory of relativity to the world.

On this day in 1921, Iowa passed its first major state sales tax, a levy of 2 cents per pack on cigarettes. It was the first cigarette tax in the nation.

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The Moon Almanac 2019 by [Long, Kim]      

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 Kim Long.

 

April 10, 2019

10 Apr

April 10, 2019

Waxing crescent moon

Moon’s age: 5 days 8 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 23 percent (midnight EST) 28 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1841, the New York Times began publishing. Its first daily editions sold for 1 cent.

On this day in 1866, wealthy New York City resident Henry Bergh founded the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA). The following week, the city passed its first anti-cruelty law for animals..

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The Moon Almanac 2019 by [Long, Kim]      

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 Kim Long.

 

April 9, 2019

9 Apr

April 9, 2019

Waxing crescent moon

Moon’s age: 4 days 8 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 15 percent (midnight EST) 19 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1942, U.S. and Filipino soldiers surrendered to the Japanese army, initiating the infamous Bataan Death March.

On this day in 1959, the first group of astronauts was introduced by NASA. Known as the Mercury 7, they were Walter Schirra, “Deke” Slayton, John Glenn, Scott Carpenter, “Gus” Grissom, Alan Shepard, and Gordon Cooper.

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The Moon Almanac 2019 by [Long, Kim]      

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 Kim Long.

 

April 8, 2019

8 Apr

April 8, 2019

Waxing crescent moon

Moon’s age: 3 days 8 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 8 percent (midnight EST) 11 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1913, direct election of U.S. senators began for the first time since the country was founded. The shift from election by state legislators was a result of the ratification of the Seventeenth Amendment.

On this day in 1973, artist Pablo Picasso died of a heart attack in southern France, aged 91.

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The Moon Almanac 2019 by [Long, Kim]      

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 Kim Long.