Archive | Uncategorized RSS feed for this section

September 28, 2020

28 Sep

September 28, 2020

Waxing gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 11 days 6 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 88 percent (midnight EST) 91 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1618, according to some sources, the world’s first pawnshop opened for business. It was located in Brussels, Belgium.

On this day in 1868, Reconstruction era politics triggered violence in Opelousas, Louisiana. Blacks attempting to join a local white-dominated Democratic party triggered a bloody backlash, with an estimated 150 or more blacks killed, including twelve political leaders who were executed. The event became known as the Opelousas Massacre.

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020 Kim Long.

September 27, 2020

27 Sep

September 27, 2020

Waxing gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 10 days 6 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 80 percent (midnight EST) 84 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1889, the first skyscraper in New York City to use modern metal beams to support all the floors opened at 50 Broadway. Thirteen stories high, the architect took advantage of a hurricane to convince a skeptical public that the structure was safe. The building was demolished in 1926 and a 50-story skyscraper is currently located at the same address.

On this day in 1923, New York Yankee Lou Gehrig hit his first major league home run in a game against the Boson Red Sox, played at Fenway Park. The Red Sox pitcher was Bill Percy; the Yankees won 8-3. On the same day in September in 1938, Gehrig hit his last home run — his 493rd — in a Yankee’s win over Washington.

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020 Kim Long.

September 26, 2020

26 Sep

September 26, 2020

Waxing gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 9 days 6 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 72 percent (midnight EST) 76 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1774, John Chapman was born. Better known later in life as Johnny Appleseed, Chapman spent decades walking from village to village and through wilderness, sharing and planting apple seeds.

On this day in 1950, residents across England reported seeing a blue-colored moon, a visual effect produced by smoke particles in the atmosphere from a forest fire in British Columbia. Patrick Moore, British author of many books on astronomy, witnessed the event and stated, “The moon was in a slightly misty sky and had a kind of lovely blue color comparable to the electric glow discharge.”

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020 Kim Long.

September 25, 2020

25 Sep

September 25, 2020

Waxing gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 8 days 6 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 62 percent (midnight EST) 67 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1904, Alonzo Whiteman, former mayor of Duluth, Minnesota, was arrested in St. Louis on fraud charges after a lengthy crime spree that mostly involved forging checks to pay gambling debts. At the time of his arrest, newspaper reports stated he had been arrested twenty-three times previously.

On this day in 1926, the Ford Motor Company announced its adoption of a five-day workweek. Founder Henry Ford was quoted as saying, “It is high time to rid ourselves of the notion that leisure for workmen is either lost time or a class privilege.”

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020 Kim Long.

September 24, 2020

24 Sep

September 24, 2020

First Quarter Moon

1:55 am UT. Occurs previous day: 8:55 pm EST; 7:55 pm CST; 6:55 pm MST; 5:55 pm PST

Moon’s age: 7 days 6 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 52 percent (midnight EST) 57 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1968, CBS debuted 60 Minutes. The first show aired on a Tuesday night on a biweekly format, initially competing with Marcus Welby M.D.

On this day in 1969, the trial of the Chicago Eight began in Chicago. On trial were alleged ringleaders of the violent demonstrations that happened during the Democratic National Convention the previous year.

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020 Kim Long.

September 23, 2020

23 Sep

September 23, 2020

Fall Equinox

1:30 pm UT; 8:30 am EST; 7:30 am CST; 6:30 am MST; 5:30 am PST

First Quarter Moon

8:55 pm EST; 7:55 pm CST; 6:55 pm MST; 5:55 pm PST. Occurs following day: 1:55 am UT

Moon’s age: 6 days 6 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 41 percent (midnight EST) 46 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1846, the discovery of the planet Neptune was attributed to Johann Galle, a German astronomer. Its presence was first theorized by mathematical analysis of irregularities in other planets, the work of Urbain le Verrier, a French astronomer. Because of its lengthy orbital path, Neptune has completed only one orbit since its discovery (its first observed year ended on July 12, 2011).

On this day in 1948, President Harry Truman announced that the Soviet Union had developed an atomic bomb, signaling the start of the cold war. The explosion of the weapon occurred the previous day; the term “cold war” was first deployed by Bernard Baruch on October 24 the same year, during a speech to a U.S. Senate committee.

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020 Kim Long.

September 22, 2020

22 Sep

September 22, 2020

Waxing crescent moon

Moon’s age: 5 days 6 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 30 percent (midnight EST) 35 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1692, the last batch of people (eight women) convicted of witchcraft in Salem Village, Massachusetts, were hanged.

On this day in 1972, NASA launched the Explorer 47 satellite, designed to detect and measure plasma, electric, and magnetic fields around the Earth.

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020 Kim Long.

September 21, 2020

21 Sep

September 21, 2020

Waxing crescent moon

Moon’s age: 4 days 6 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 20 percent (midnight EST) 25 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1826, Sam Houston, a U.S. representative from Tennessee (later senator and the first governor of Texas), consummated an argument with a political opponent, General William White, with a duel. Houston survived untouched; White was wounded. The duel, using pistols, was Houston’s last.

On this day in 1970, ABC television debuted Monday Night Football.

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020 Kim Long.

September 20, 2020

20 Sep

September 20, 2020

Waxing crescent moon

Moon’s age: 3 days 6 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 11 percent (midnight EST) 15 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1850, President Fillmore signed into law the Land Grant Act, ceding millions of acres of western land to railroads for development and in turn, triggering a wave of resettlement.

On this day in 1973, a tennis match — dubbed the “Battle of the Sexes” — was held in the Houston Astrodome between Bobby Riggs, retired tennis professional, and Billie Jean King, a 5-time winner at Wimbledon. Riggs had challenged King — or any woman tennis player — to prove they could play as well as a man. The prize was $100,000, which Billie Jean easily won, 6-4, 6-3, 6-3.

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020 Kim Long.

September 19, 2020

19 Sep

September 19, 2020

Waxing crescent moon

Moon’s age: 2 days 6 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 5 percent (midnight EST) 8 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1893, New Zealand became the first country in the world to adopt suffrage for women.

On this day in 1928, Mickey Mouse was born, according to official Disney history. The date marked the release of Steamboat Willie, a 7-minute cartoon that debuted at the 79th Street Colony Theater in New York City. Originally known as Mortimer Mouse, the character first appeared on May 15, 1928, in a short cartoon called “Plane Crazy,” but with added sound, the September 19 release launched Mickey as a popular animated star.

_____________________________________________________________________________________________________________

 

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020 Kim Long.