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October 14, 2019

14 Oct

October 14, 2019

Waning gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 16 days 11 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 100 percent (midnight EST) 99 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1884, a patent was issued to George Eastman for photographic film, the first alternative to using glass plates to reproduce images. He trademarked the term Kodak in 1888 and introduced the Kodak camera the same year.

On this day in 1947, test pilot Chuck Yeager became the first person to break the sound barrier, flying a Bell X-1 rocket plane named Glamorous Glennis. The news was not made public until the following year.

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The Moon Almanac 2019 by [Long, Kim]      

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 Kim Long.

October 13, 2019

13 Oct

October 13, 2019

Full Moon

9:21 pm UT; 4:21 pm EST; 3:21 pm CST; 2:21 pm MST; 1:21 pm PST

Moon’s age: 15 days 11 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 99 percent (midnight EST) 100 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1903, the first World Series ended with the Boston Americans beating the Pittsburgh Pirates five games out of three.

On this day in 1960, Soviet premier Nikita Khrushchev delivered a speech at the United Nations, reacting angrily to a speech by a delegate from the Philippines, reportedly took off one of his shoes and used it to pound the podium. However, some witnesses claim that the shoe in question (either a brown loafer or a leather sandal) was waved in the air but not banged against the podium; others report the shoe never left the premier’s foot.

________________________________________________________________

The Moon Almanac 2019 by [Long, Kim]      

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 Kim Long.

October 12, 2019

12 Oct

October 12, 2019

Waxing gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 14 days 11 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 97 percent (midnight EST) 99 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1492, native Americans discovered Christopher Columbus, a European, lost on their shores. (Thanks to the Daily Planet Almanac, 1976-1987).

On this day in 2005, China launched its first manned spacecraft, which orbited Earth for five days with two astronauts on board.

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The Moon Almanac 2019 by [Long, Kim]      

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 Kim Long.

October 11, 2019

11 Oct

October 11, 2019

Waxing gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 13 days 11 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 93 percent (midnight EST) 96 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1919, the first in-flight meals were served on a commercial passenger airline. The lucky passengers were aboard a British-owned Handley Page Transport on a flight from London to Paris.

On this day in 1968, the first flight of the Apollo series missions was launched by NASA. Apollo 7 was manned by Wally Schirra, Walter Cunningham, and Donn Eisele.

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The Moon Almanac 2019 by [Long, Kim]      

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 Kim Long.

October 10, 2019

10 Oct

October 10, 2019

Moon at Apogee

6:30 pm UT; 1:30 pm EST; 12:30 pm CST; 11:30 am MST; 10:30 am PST

Waxing gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 12 days 11 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 88 percent (midnight EST) 91 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1886, Griswold Lorillard, heir to a tobacco fortune, wore a new style of dinner jacket to an event at the Tuxedo Park Country Club, in Tuxedo, New York. The style caught on and was henceforth known as the tuxedo.

On this day in 1918, the American Indian Church was founded in El Reno, Oklahoma. Founders included members of the Apache, Cheyenne, Comanche, Kiowa, Oto, and Ponca tribes.

________________________________________________________________

The Moon Almanac 2019 by [Long, Kim]      

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 Kim Long.

October 9, 2019

9 Oct

October 9, 2019

Waxing gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 11 days 11 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 81 percent (midnight EST) 85 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1701, the Collegiate School in Killingworth, Connecticut was chartered. After the school relocated to New Haven, it was renamed Yale College in 1718, honoring merchant Elihu Yale, one of its first benefactors. Yale had been born in America but lived most of his life in England; he donated expensive fabrics to the school to help it raise money for the construction of new buildings.

On this day in 1872, the Montgomery Ward Company sent out the world’s first general merchandise mail-order catalog. The first issue listed 163 products.

________________________________________________________________

The Moon Almanac 2019 by [Long, Kim]      

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 Kim Long.

October 8, 2019

8 Oct

October 8, 2019

Waxing gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 10 days 11 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 74 percent (midnight EST) 78 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1871, a Sunday, fire in Chicago ignited about 9:00 PM, in or near to a barn at the O’Leary residence, 13 DeKoven Street, and spread rapidly due to a strong southwest wind. The Great Fire of Chicago, as it was called, covered an area four miles long by an average of three quarters of a mile wide, torched 18,000 buildings, and killed between two and three hundred people. A forest fire in and around Peshtigo, Wisconsin, happening at the same time, killed more than 1,500 people.

On this day in 1958, Swedish surgeon Ake Senning successfully implanted the world’s first cardiac pacemaker in a living patient. The recipient lived for another 40 years, with an additional 25 operations to replace devices that have failed or worn out.

________________________________________________________________

The Moon Almanac 2019 by [Long, Kim]      

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 Kim Long.