Archive | September, 2018

September 30, 2018

30 Sep

September 30, 2018

Waning gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 21 days 1 hour (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 74 percent (midnight EST) 69 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1801, manufacturer Eli Whitney failed to meet his contractual quota of 10,000 muskets for the U.S. Army. After gaining a contract extention, he adopts a method of using interchangeable parts to cut costs and speed up the process. Modern historians believe much of Whitney’s process was not truly based on uniform parts; his step in manufacturing is thought to have been perfected in 1843.

On this day in 1955, James Dean died in a car crash in California. The movie actor was driving a Porsche Spyder 550 and was on his way to an automobile race when he had a head-on collision.

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018 Kim Long.

September 29, 2018

29 Sep

September 29, 2018

Waning gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 20 days 1 hour (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 83 percent (midnight EST) 78 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1789, the Continental Army, a skeleton force leftover from the Revolutionary War, was replaced with a formaL, permanent force, the U.S. Army.

On this day in 1936, backers of President Franklin Roosevelt launched a campaign on radio, the first such use of the medium. The broadcasts were sponsored by the Progressive National Committee, the Non-Partisan League, and the Good Neighbor League.

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018 Kim Long.

September 28, 2018

28 Sep

September 28, 2018

Waning gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 19 days 1 hour (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 90 percent (midnight EST) 86 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1618, according to some sources, the world’s first pwnshop opened for business. It was located in Brussels, Belgium.

On this day in 1868, Reconstruction era politics triggered violence in Opelousas, Louisiana. Blacks attempting to join a local white-dominated Democratic party triggered a bloody backlash, with an estimated 150 or more blacks killed, including twelve political leaders who were executed. The event became known as the Opelousas Massacre.

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018 Kim Long.

September 27, 2018

27 Sep

September 27, 2018

Waning gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 18 days 1 hour (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 95 percent (midnight EST) 93 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1889, the first skyscraper in New York City to use modern metal beams to support all the floors opened at 50 Broadway. Thirteen stories high, the architect took advantage of a hurricane to convince a skeptical public that the structure was safe. The building was demolished in 1926 and a 50-story skyscraper is currently located at the same address.

On this day in 1923, New York Yankee Lou Gehrig hit his first major league home run in a game against the Boson Red Sox, played at Fenway Park. The Red Sox pitcher was Bill Percy; the Yankees won 8-3. On the same day in September in 1938, Gehrig hit his last home run — his 493rd — in a Yankee’s win over Washington.

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018 Kim Long.

September 26, 2018

26 Sep

September 26, 2018

Waning gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 17 days 1 hour (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 99 percent (midnight EST) 97 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1774, John Chapman was born. Better known later in life as Johnny Appleseed, Chapman spent decades walking from village to village and through wilderness, sharing and planting apple seeds.

On this day in 1950, residents across England reported seeing a blue-colored moon, a visual effect produced by smoke particles in the atmosphere from a forest fire in British Columbia. Patrick Moore, British author of many books on astronomy, witnessed the event and stated, “The moon was in a slightly misty sky and had a kind of lovely blue color comparable to the electric glow discharge.”

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018 Kim Long.

September 25, 2018

25 Sep

September 25, 2018

FULL MOON

2:52 am UT. Occurs previous day: 9:51 pm EST; 8:51 pm CST; 7:51 pm MST; 6:51 pm PST

Moon’s age: 16 days 1 hour (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 100 percent (midnight EST) 99 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1904, Alonzo Whiteman, former mayor of Duluth, Minnesota, was arrested in St. Louis on fraud charges after a lengthy crime spree that mostly involved forging checks to pay gambling debts. At the time of his arrest, newspaper reports stated he had been arrested twenty-three times previously.

On this day in 1926, the Ford Motor Company announced its adoption of a five-day workweek. Founder Henry Ford was quoted as saying, “It is high time to rid ourselves of the notion that leisure for workmen is either lost time or a class privilige.”

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018 Kim Long.

September 24, 2018

24 Sep

September 24, 2018

FULL MOON

9:51 pm EST; 8:51 pm CST; 7:51 pm MST; 6:51 pm PST. Occurs following day: 2:52 am UT

Moon’s age: 15 days 1 hour (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 99 percent (midnight EST) 100 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1968, CBS debuted 60 Minutes. The first show aired on a Tuesday night on a biweekly format, initially competing with Marcus Welby M.D.

On this day in 1969, the trial of the Chicago Eight began in Chicago. On trial were alleged ringleaders of the violent demonstrations that happened during the Democratic National Convention the previous year.

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018 Kim Long.