Archive | January, 2018

January 31, 2018

31 Jan

January 31, 2018

FULL MOON

1:27 pm UT; 8:27 am EST; 7:27 am CST; 6:27 am MST; 5:27 am PST

Moon’s age: 15 days 9 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 100 percent (midnight EST) 100 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1940, the U.S. Treasury printed the first Social Security checks; the total amount issued was $75,844. The first person to receive a check was Ida May Fuller, a resident of Vermont, whose check number was 00-000-001, in the amount of $22.54.

On this day in 1958, the United States entered the space age with the launch of the satellite Explorer I (officially called Satellite 1958 Alpha) from Cape Canaveral, Florida, at 10:48 PM EST. Explorer I was built in 84 days, a task rushed in response to the Soviet launch of Sputnik I the previous October.

On this day in 1966, the USSR’s Luna 9 landed on the Moon – the first manmade object to make a soft landing there.

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015 Kim Long.

January 30, 2018

30 Jan

January 30, 2018

Moon at Perigee

9:55 am UT; 4:55 am EST; 3:55 am CST; 2:55 am MST; 1:55 am PST

Waxing gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 14 days 9 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 97 percent (midnight EST) 99 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1798, a debate on the floor of Congress over potential U.S. involvement in a European war escalated into violence. Representatives Matthew Lyon from Vermont and Roger Griswold from Connecticut climaxed an argument with Lyon spitting tobacco juice in Griswold’s face. Griswold retaliated by attacking Lyon with a cane. The tobacco spitting incident was the first recorded instance of violence in the U.S. House. The House attempt to discipline Lyon in response was also a first; the legislatures failed to gain the two-thirds majority needed for expulsion.

On this day in 1969, the ISIS 1 satellite was launched, a joint venture between NASA and research programs in Canada and Japan. The satellite observed the ionosphere with a variety of instruments and produced data until 1990.

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015 Kim Long.

January 29, 2018

29 Jan

January 29, 2018

Waxing gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 13 days 9 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 92 percent (midnight EST) 95 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1845, the poem “The Raven,” by Edgar Allan Poe, first appeared in print. The publication was the Evening Mirror in New York, which noted that the poem was published with permission from the American Review, a magazine slated to publish the same work in a February edition.

On this day in 1849, the first woman doctor in the United States graduated from medical school (Geneva Medical College, Geneva, New York). Dr. Elizabeth Blackwell graduated number one in her class.

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015 Kim Long.

January 28, 2018

28 Jan

January 28, 2018

Waxing gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 12 days 9 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 84 percent (midnight EST) 88 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1934, a hotel in Woodstock, Vermont, put the first rope tow for skiers in the U.S. into operation. It was powered by an engine from a Ford Model A and carried skiers about 900 feet.

On this day in 1969, an oil platform by Union Oil about 6 miles offshore near Santa Barbara, California, blew out, covering 35 miles of shore with crude oil.

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015 Kim Long.

January 27, 2018

27 Jan

January 27, 2018

Waxing gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 11 days 9 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 75 percent (midnight EST) 80 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1973, official representatives of the Republic of Vietnam and the United States signed a cease-fire treaty, known as the Paris Accords, ending the military involvement of the U.S. in that country.

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015 Kim Long.

January 26, 2018

26 Jan

January 26, 2018

Waxing gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 10 days 9 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 64 percent (midnight EST) 69 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1837, Michigan became the 26th state in the United States after a prolonged political fight to gain control of the “Toledo Strip,” claimed by both the state of Ohio and the Michigan Territory. As a compromise, Ohio got the disputed Toledo land and Michigan got its statehood.

On this day in 1962, NASA launched Ranger 3, a spacecraft designed to land on the Moon, transmitting video images of the surface just before landing. A malfunction caused the vehicle to miss its target by about 36,800 miles.

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015 Kim Long.

January 25, 2018

25 Jan

January 25, 2018

Waxing gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 9 days 9 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 53 percent (midnight EST) 59 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1908, Julia Ward Howe became the first woman elected to the National Institute of Arts and Letters, with members voting 35 to 4 in favor. Mark Twain had earlier seconded her nomination. An early supporter of women’s suffrage, Howe was a poet and writer; her most noted work is the lyrics to the “Battle Hymn of the Republic.”

On this day in 1939, a cyclotron produced nuclear fission for the first time in the United States, in a laboratory at Columbia University. The world’s first successful fission experiment occurred a year earlier, in Germany.

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015 Kim Long.