Archive | November, 2017

November 30, 2017

30 Nov

November 30, 2017

Waxing gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 12 days 5 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 84 percent (midnight EST) 88 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1858, American metalworker John Mason received a U.S. patent for a design for an airtight glass container, simply known as the Mason jar.

On this day in 1804, the impeachment trial of Supreme Court Justice Samuel Chase began. Chase was blamed for making decisions based on political preference, including court cases that involved treason and sedition. The U.S. House found sufficient grounds to bring him to trial but the vote in the Senate was short of the two-thirds majority necessary for conviction.

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015 Kim Long.

November 29, 2017

29 Nov

November 29, 2017

Waxing gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 11 days 5 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 75 percent (midnight EST) 79 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1935, a Pan American Airways plane landed in Manila, the first trans-Pacific flight to deliver mail. The China Clipper left San Francisco on November 22.

On this day in 1944, surgeons at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore performed the first open heart surgery, using an artery bypass technique to correct a heart defect that produced the “blue baby” syndrome.

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015 Kim Long.

November 28, 2017

28 Nov

November 28, 2017

Waxing gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 10 days 5 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 65 percent (midnight EST) 70 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1895, the first automobile race in the United States was held. The event was held in Jackson Park, Chicago, and consisted of a 54-mile round-trip to Evanston, Illinois. Six vehicles participated and the winner was Frank Duryea with an average speed of about 7 miles per hour.

On this day in 1925, radio station WSM in Nashville, Tennessee, broadcast the first episode of the live music show WSM Barn Dance, soon to be known as the Grand Ole Opry.

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015 Kim Long.

November 27, 2017

27 Nov

November 27, 2017

Waxing gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 9 days 5 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 55 percent (midnight EST) 60 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1826, British pharmacist John Walker invented the first successful friction match. In England, the first generation of these matches were called “lucifers.”

On this day in 1966, the Washington Redskins and the New York Giants scored a total of 113 points in an NFL football game, the highest total score on record. The final was 72-41 in favor of the Redskins.

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015 Kim Long.

November 26, 2017

26 Nov

November 26, 2017

FIRST QUARTER MOON

5:03 pm UT; 12:03 pm EST; 11:03 am CST; 10:03 am MST; 9:03 am PST

Waxing gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 8 days 5 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 45 percent (midnight EST) 50 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1815 at Union College (Schenectady, New York), the Kappa Alpha Society was formed, the first example of a modern fraternity. The Kappa Alpha Society was not the first collegiate Greek letter group (that honor goes to Phi Beta Kappa, founded in 1776), but the first to be a social organization with selective admission.

On this day in 1965, France became the third country to put a satellite into space. The Astrix-1 was launched from the Sahara Desert in Algeria.

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015 Kim Long.

November 25, 2017

25 Nov

November 25, 2017

Waxing crescent moon

Moon’s age: 7 days 5 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 36 percent (midnight EST) 40 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1920, the first play-by-play announcement of a collegiate football game was broadcast on the radio. The game was between Texas University and Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas (now Texas A&M), broadcast on WTAW (College Station, Texas).

On this day in 1948, electronics retailer Leroy Parsons first demonstrated the effectiveness of cable television, by transmitting a signal from a TV station in Seattle from a traditional broadcast antenna through a coaxial cable. The originating station was in Seattle; the signal was picked up in Astoria, Oregon, about 150 miles away, and relayed locally to the inventor’s living room.

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015 Kim Long.

November 24, 2017

24 Nov

November 24, 2017

Waxing crescent moon

Moon’s age: 6 days 5 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 27 percent (midnight EST) 31 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1639, British astronomers Jeremiah Horrocks and William Crabtree made the first known observation of the transit of Venus. The date was actually December 6, if correlated to the modern civil calendar.

On this day in 1963, Jack Rubenstein (aka Jack Ruby), a nightclub manager in Dallas, shot and killed Lee Harvey Oswald while he was in police custody for the assassination of President John F. Kennedy two days earlier.

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015 Kim Long.

November 23, 2017

23 Nov

November 23, 2017

Waxing crescent moon

Moon’s age: 5 days 5 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 19 percent (midnight EST) 23 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1935, an airplane began the first flight across Antarctica. The pilots were Lincoln Ellsworth and Hubert Wilkins; the flight was in six stages and spanned two weeks.

On midnight of this day in 1945, food rationing ended in the United States. Rationing of major food items — including red meat, butter, some processed foods, and sugar — was instituted early in 1943 during World War II.

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015 Kim Long.

November 22, 2017

22 Nov

November 22, 2017

Waxing crescent moon

Moon’s age: 4 days 5 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 12 percent (midnight EST) 15 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1909, garment factory workers in New York City began a strike to protest unsafe working conditions. Dubbed the Uprising of the 20,000, the strike lasted 14 weeks and ended with a settlement that included most of the factories in the city. One holdout was the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory, site of a major fire a few years later (March 25, 1911), which killed 146 workers, most of them women.

On this day in 1983, the Maytag Company produced the last wringer-washer style washing machine made in the United States, a style that had been in use for at least 100 years.

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015 Kim Long.

November 21, 2017

21 Nov

November 21, 2017

Moon at Apogee

6:53 pm UT; 1:53 pm EST; 12:53 pm CST; 11:53 am MST; 10;53 am PST

Waxing crescent moon

Moon’s age: 3 days 5 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 7 percent (midnight EST) 9 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1620, the first group of Pilgrims who arrived in the American colonies signed a compact known as the Mayflower Compact, agreeing to live together in a “civil body politic.”

On this day in 1794, the British ship Butterworth entered Honolulu Harbor in the Hawaiian Islands, the first foreign vessel to drop anchor here. Captain William Brown dubbed it Fair Haven and other ship captains originally referred to the location as Brown’s Harbor, but the native designation won out in the long run (Hawaiians refer to the land site as Honolulu; the harbor itself is called Kuloloia).

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015 Kim Long.