August 23, 2019

23 Aug

August 23, 2019

Last Quarter Moon

2:56 pm UT; 9:56 am EST; 8:56 am CST; 7:56 am MST; 6:56 am PST

Moon’s age: 23 days 2 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 54 percent (midnight EST) 49 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1923, American aviators performed the first mid-air refueling in history.

On this day in 1961, newly formed NASA launched the Ranger 1 spacecraft, a probe aimed at the Moon and designed to send back photos and data – the first step in the mission to explore the Moon. The launch was a failure.

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The Moon Almanac 2019 by [Long, Kim]      

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 Kim Long.

 

August 22, 2019

22 Aug

August 22, 2019

Waning gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 22 days 2 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 54 percent (midnight EST) 49 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1851, the first America’s Cup yacht race was held off the shore of the Isle of Wight. The first winner was the U.S.-owned America, lending its name to this continuing event, the oldest continuously held sporting event in the world.

On this day in 1902, President Theodore Roosevelt took a ride in a Columbia Electric Victoria Phaeton, in Hartford, Connecticut, the first U.S. president to ride in an automobile in public.

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The Moon Almanac 2019 by [Long, Kim]      

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 Kim Long.

 

August 21, 2019

21 Aug

August 21, 2019

Waning gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 21 days 2 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 64 percent (midnight EST) 59 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1878, the first meeting of the American Bar Association was held. Seventy-five lawyers, representing 20 states, met in Saratoga Springs, New York, to launch the organization.

On this day in 1959, Hawaii entered the Union as the 50th state.

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The Moon Almanac 2019 by [Long, Kim]      

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 Kim Long.

 

April 20, 2019

20 Aug

August 20, 2019

Waning gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 20 days 2 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 73 percent (midnight EST) 69 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1971, Texas Instruments introduced the first pocket calculator, the Pocketronic. The device sold for $149 and weighed about 2.5 pounds.

On this day in 1977, Voyager 2 was launched by NASA; Voyager 1 was launched the following month, on September 5. Voyager 2’s primary mission was to collect photos and data of Jupiter and Saturn, but it also reached Uranus and Neptune.

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The Moon Almanac 2019 by [Long, Kim]      

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 Kim Long.

 

April 19, 2019

19 Aug

August 19, 2019

Waning gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 19 days 2 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 81 percent (midnight EST) 77 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1909, the first automobile race was held at the newly constructed Indianapolis Motor Speedway. The first race was won by an Austrian driver at an average speed of 57 miles per hour; the original track surface of tarred gravel contributed to the deaths of two drivers, two mechanics, and two bystanders.

On this day in 1977, Groucho Marx died. He was 86 and died of pneumonia.

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The Moon Almanac 2019 by [Long, Kim]      

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 Kim Long.

 

April 18, 2019

18 Aug

August 18, 2019

Waning gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 18 days 2 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 88 percent (midnight EST) 85 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1587, English-born settlers in what is now North Carolina gave birth to the first non-native baby in America. She was named Virginia (Dare). The child, her parents, and the other settlers in that location, Roanoke Island, disappeared and were assumed to have perished when a ship from England arrived there a few years later.

On this day in 1909, the Mayor of Tokyo presented 2,000 cherry trees to the United States as a symbol of friendship, after hearing that President Taft’s wife had admired the trees’ blossoms during a visit to Japan. All the gifted trees were destroyed after they were found to be infested with insects and fungus. A replacement shipment in 1912 was successfully planted.

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The Moon Almanac 2019 by [Long, Kim]      

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 Kim Long.

 

April 17, 2019

17 Aug

August 17, 2019

Moon at Apogee

10:51 am UT; 5:51 am EST; 4:51 am CST; 3:51 am MST; 2:51 am PST

Waning gibbous moon

Moon’s age: 17 days 2 hours (at noon EST)

Fraction of the Moon illuminated: 93 percent (midnight EST) 91 percent (noon EST)

On this day in 1896, three prospectors discovered gold in Bonanza Creek in the Yukon Territory of Canada, triggering a gold rush that lasted for several years.

On this day in 1951, the small village of Pont St.-Esprit, France, experienced one of the last reported mass poisoning from ergotism in modern times. Ergotism is a disease linked to spoiled grain used for baking; also known in history as St. Anthony’s Fire, ergotism is usually linked to hallucinations and indigestion – in this case, more than 200 villagers reported getting ill, 31 went insane, and 4 died.

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The Moon Almanac 2019 by [Long, Kim]      

 

DEFINITIONS

Times. Time of day is indicated as UT (Universal Time), EST (Eastern Standard Time), CST (Central Standard Time), MST (Mountain Standard Time), and PST (Pacific Standard Time). To figure Daylight Saving Time when in effect locally, subtract one hour from the time indicated for a U.S. time zone. Because of the time difference between UT and North America, at the time of a full moon or other moon phase, the date may fall a day earlier in the United States (indicated when this occurs).

Fraction of the Moon illuminated. The percentage of the front (visible) side of the moon that is lit by sunlight, with 0 percent indicating a new moon (not visible) and 100 percent indicating a full moon (no shadow visible); quarter moons are 50 percent illuminated. Below 5 percent illumination, when the lit portion is a slim crescent (on the left side for a waning moon – “old crescent moon” and on the right side for a waxing moon – “new crescent moon”) it may not be visible in most locations. The percentage is computed by the Astronomical Applications Department/U.S. Naval Observatory. In the course of a 24 hour period, the percentage will either increase or decrease at a varying rate depending on the phase, with the slowest visible change occurring around the time of the full moon and the fastest visible change occurring around the time of the new moon. This is due to the effect of light from the sun illuminating the spherical surface of the Moon.

Moon’s age. One complete lunation (a complete cycle from one new moon to the next new moon) occurs in an average of 29.5 days. The “moon’s age” is the number of calendar days from the time of the new moon, shown here with the number of hours depicted as a rounded number. The figure listed is for noon, EST.

©  Copyright 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019 Kim Long.